Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of

(1671-1713)
   Philosopher, b. in London, grandson of the 1st Earl, the eminent statesman, the "Achitophel" of Dryden. After a private education under the supervision of Locke, and a short experience of Winchester School, he travelled much on the Continent. On succeeding to the earldom in 1699 he took a prominent part in the debates of the House of Lords, but devoted himself mainly to philosophical and literary pursuits. His coll. writings were pub. in 1711 under the title of Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, and Times. In his philosophy he maintains, as against Hobbes, the existence of a moral sense, a view subsequently developed by the Scottish school of philosophy. The style of S. is stately and sonorous but laboured. He d. at Naples, whither he had gone in search of health, at the early age of 42. Though his writings are directed strongly against Atheism, they have been held to be hostile to a belief in revelation.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd earl of — born Feb. 26, 1671, London, Eng. died Feb. 15, 1713, Naples English politician and philosopher. Grandson of the 1st earl of Shaftesbury, he received his early education from John Locke. He entered Parliament in 1695; succeeding to his title in… …   Universalium

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  • Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury — (26 February 1671 – 4 February 1713) was an English politician, philosopher and writer. Contents …   Wikipedia

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  • Shaftesbury, 3rd Earl of — (Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1671–1713) British moral philosopher. His grandfather was the patron of Locke, and upon being made Shaftesbury s guardian (the father being incapable: a ‘shapeless lump’, according to the poet Dryden), he had Locke direct… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • David Cecil, 3rd Earl of Exeter — (c. 1600–1643) was an English peer and member of the House of Lords. Life David Cecil was the son of Sir Richard Cecil of Wakerley, Northamptonshire. He was educated at Clare College, Cambridge, and admitted at Lincoln s Inn in 1627.[1] In 1640,… …   Wikipedia

  • Shaftesbury — /shafts beuh ree, shahfts /, n. 1. Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of, 1621 83, English statesman. 2. Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of, 1671 1713, English moral philosopher (grandson of Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury). 3.… …   Universalium

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